About Clive Staples Lewis

Born in Belfast, Ireland on November 29, 1898, C.S. Lewis was already extremely imaginative as a child. He and his brother Warren created a fantastical world full of imaginary animals and tales of feats and heroism. After his mother passed away when he was 10, Lewis continued receiving an education before entering the English army during WWI, though he didn’t remain long in combat. He went to Oxford University and, after graduating from there, joined a “informal collective of writers and intellectuals who counted among their members Lewis’s brother, Warren Lewis, and J.R.R. Tolkien” (“C.S. Lewis Biography”). A Christian turned atheist, these meetings with literary greats and other intellectuals reinforced the Christian upbringing Lewis received as a child, and he began to expound upon Christian truths in his writing. He became a literary professor in 1954 at Cambridge University and worked there for nine years until his resignation and death soon after on November 24, 1963. His most famous works include Mere Christianity, The Chronicles of Narnia, and The Screwtape Letters, as well as The Great Divorce and The Pilgrim’s Regress which contain Christian truths which he based off of his own Christian conversion and struggle for the faith.
("C.S. Lewis Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. Feb. 2013.

Monday, February 11, 2013

C.S. Lewis Powerpoint

What to Choose?

AP Multiple Choice Questions Explanation

"The Wanderer"

1.      A. is the correct answer because each of the lines contains a strong break halfway through the phrase which is the definition of caesura.
B. is not correct because there’s no descriptive language throughout the lines.
C. is not correct because there is no repetition of consonant sounds.
D. is not correct because a parody is an imitation of some other piece of literature in a satirical manner, and these lines are not satirical but serious.
E. is not correct because understatement means something is being described as less important than it actually is, and there is no occurrence of this in these lines.

2.      From a study of literary periods, A. and C.-E. are not correct because only the Anglo-Saxon period (choice B.) is known for oral poetry that contains kenning, alliteration, and caesura.

3.      A. is not correct because there is no mention of a knight/lord trying to woo a maiden in the context of the poem.
B. is not correct because the wanderer is actually all alone throughout the poem; he has no family.
C. is not correct because, as the wanderer is exiled, he has no contact with politics within his worldview.
D. is correct because the speaker has been exiled and is lamenting the long days he must spend alone apart from the rest of the world.
E. is not correct because, though glory is mentioned, the speaker recognizes that the fulfillment of life comes from God not great feats.

4.      Within the context of the poem, especially the last lines where the speaker recognizes that one must seek God in his life, “the Measurer” will be the Christian God (choice B.) because he indeed “measured” the world when he first created it.  The rest of the choices are either out of context (choice A.), refer to the speaker himself (choice E.), or don’t have the power to be “the Measurer” (choices C. and D.), emphasis on the capital M.

5.      Choice E. is the only answer that does not refer to the speaker of the poem.  The “Shaper of men” refers to God in a Christian context.  The other choices (A.-D.) describe a man who has been exiled to walk the earth alone as the speaker himself has been.

AP Multiple Choice Questions Explanation

The Screwtape Letters

1.   A. is not correct because the quote does not contain any descriptive words about physical aspects or sounds.
B. is correct because prayer in a Christian context should be portrayed in a positive light, but this quote portrays it negatively which is where the satire/irony comes in play.
C. is not correct because no phrases or words are repeated in successive clauses.
D. is not correct because the purpose of the quote is not to reference a well-known story or past event.
E. is not correct because no object stands for itself as well as for something else.

2.   A. is not correct because the letters are written from a demon perspective.
B. is not correct because there is no mention to Germany or its dictator in this passage.
C. is correct because the Devil’s enemy is Jesus Christ.
D. is not correct because politics are not mentioned in this passage.
E. is not correct because there is no mention of political order such as socialism in this passage.

3.   A.-D. are not correct because there is mention of all three methods given in the passage.
E. is correct (text support—“keep the patient from the serious intention of praying altogether”, “you must fall back on a subtler misdirection of his intentions”, and “they can be persuaded that their bodily position makes no difference to their prayers”).

4.   A. is not correct because this passage is satire, so Lewis does believe in prayer.
B. is not correct because Lewis writes, “it bears a superficial resemblance to the prayer of silence practiced by those who are very far advanced in the Enemy’s service”.
C. is not correct because again this piece is satire.
D. is correct because this passage shows how man is easily manipulated by evil when praying so correct prayer is difficult.
E. is not correct because this passage, as well as the novel, shows how the patient is manipulated by the devils.

5.   A.-D. are not correct because the letter is written as Screwtape narrates, hence the first person.  However, the reader doesn’t know everything like an omniscient narrator would provide, hence the limited aspect.  Thus E. is correct.

Sunday, February 10, 2013

AP Multiple Choice Questions "The Wanderer"

1. The literary device present in lines 6-9 of “The Wanderer” is
A.    Caesura
B.   Imagery
C.     Alliteration
D.    Parody
E.    Understatement
2. The literary devices kenning, alliteration, and caesura classify “The Wanderer” as a poem from which literary period?
A.   Victorian period
B.     Anglo-Saxon period
C.     Realism
D.   Romantic period
E.     The Enlightenment
3. A theme present in the poem is
A.    Courtly love
B.     Family
C.     Politics
D.    Isolation
E.     Heroism
4.  “The Measurer” in line 2 of “The Wanderer” refers to
A.    A Greek god
B.     The Christian God
C.     The land’s ruler
D.    A sailor
E.     "The earth-stepper”
5. In “The Wanderer”, all of the following refer to the protagonist except
A.    "Lone-dweller”
B.     “The friendless man”
C.     The earth-stepper”
D.    Claimed by the “exile-track”
E.     “Shaper of men”
Answer Key: A, B, D, B, E

AP Multiple Choice Questions The Screwtape Letters

1. The following sentence is an example of which literary device?
            “When the patient is an adult recently reconverted to the Enemy’s party, like your man, this is best done by encouraging him to remember, or to think he remembers, the parrot-like nature of his prayers in childhood.”
A.    Imagery
B.     Satire
C.     Repetition
D.    Allusion
E.     Symbol
 2. The word “Enemy” is an allusion to:
A.    The Devil
B.     Adolf Hitler
C.     Jesus Christ
D.    The country’s leader
E.     Karl Marx
3. In this passage, the way to turn the patient from proper prayer is
I.       Keep the patient from praying altogether
II.    Misdirect his intentions
III. Persuade him that bodily position does not matter
A.    I only
B.     I and II
C.     I and III
D.    II and III
E.     I, II, and III
 4. C.S. Lewis implies through the style of this passage that he:
A.    Does not believe in prayer
B.     That the “prayer of silence” is for all Christians
C.     Christians should be feeling-centered when praying
D.    Prayer is a difficult task to master
E.    Christians are not easily manipulated by evil
5.  The point of view of this passage is:
A.    First person omniscient
B.     Second person
C.     Alternating person
D.    Third person
E.     First person limited
Answer Key: B, C, E, D, E